Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered his government this week to honour a US$15 billion bailout deal for Ukraine, but a minister suggested the make-up of a new government in Kiev will determine how quickly the vital aid is dispatched.
In Kiev, Ukraine’s new interim prime minister promised to try to limit the economic damage inflicted by more than two months of turmoil, and said he expected Russia to disburse a further US$2 billion aid instalment “very soon”.
Moscow, however, sent mixed messages on how soon the money which Ukraine urgently needs would arrive.
Putin repeated a promise he made on Tuesday to provide the aid even if the opposition forms the next government in Kiev.
“I would ask the government to fulfill all our financial agreements in full,” he said, according to Interfax news agency.
However, his Economy minister Alexei Ulyukayev cast doubt on the timing of the instalment.
“Our commitment to fulfilling these obligations has been confirmed. As for the schedule and parameters, this is an issue that requires further discussion with our Ukrainian colleagues and consideration of the restructuring of the government,” he was quoted as saying.
Putin agreed the aid package with Ukraine in December, throwing the ex-Soviet state a lifeline in what the opposition and the West regard as a reward for scrapping plans to sign political and trade deals with the European Union and promising to improve ties with Russia.
Ukraine has been gripped by mass unrest since President Viktor Yanukovich walked away from the EU deals last November.
Prime Minister Mykola Azarov resigned on Tuesday in an attempt to appease the protesters and the opposition, and though his deputy has taken over as acting prime minister it is unclear when a new government will be formed.
Leonid Kravchuk, the first president of independent Ukraine, stressed the depth of the crisis on Wednesday.
“The state is on the brink of civil war. We must call what is happening by its proper name. What is happening is revolution because we are talking about an attempt to bring about a change of power,” he told parliament.
With Yanukovich and loyalist deputies in parliament now making concessions to defuse the crisis and with Azarov, a Russian-born hardliner, gone there had been speculation that Moscow might slow or even halt the stream of aid.
But acting prime minister Serhiy Arbuzov appeared to have been cheered by Putin’s promise on Tuesday to extend the US$15 billion in credits and cheaper gas.
“We have already received the first tranche of US$3 billion and expect to receive the second tranche of US$2 billion very soon,” he said, chairing his first cabinet meeting. Russian is offering the funds by buying Ukrainian government bonds.
In Kiev opposition deputies and Yanukovich loyalists were in back-room talks on Wednesday over the wording of a draft law under which protesters detained so far by police would get amnesties.
Though the unrest began because of Yanukovich’s U-turn on policy towards Europe, it has since turned into a mass demonstration, punctuated by violent clashes between radical protesters and police, against perceived misrule and corruption under Yanukovich’s leadership.
Several hundred people camp round-the-clock on Kiev’s Independence Square and along an adjoining thoroughfare, while more radical activists confront police lines at Dynamo football stadium less than half a kilometre away.
Anti-Yanukovich activists have also stormed into municipal buildings in many other cities across the sprawling country of 46 million. Hundreds of protesters in Kiev have occupied City Hall and the main agricultural ministry building.
Opposition leaders, including boxer-turned-politician Vitaly Klitschko, were resisting demands by Yanukovich’s Regions Party for barricades to be removed from roads and for protesters to leave occupied buildings as a pre-condition for an amnesty for detained activists.
Klitschko, in a comment which also highlighted the tenuous control the opposition leaders have over sections of the protest movement, said: “For us to simply say to people ‘you have done your job, now go home’ is now not possible.”
In a big concession to the opposition and the protest movement, pro-Yanukovich deputies voted on Tuesday to repeal a series of sweeping anti-protest laws which they brought in hastily on January 16 in response to increasingly violent clashes.
But opposition leaders, who also include former economy minister Arseny Yatsenyuk and nationalist Oleh Tyahnibok, have won a mandate from protesters on the streets to continue to press for further gains from Yanukovich.