Inclusion of PWDs in climate negotiations critical

In times of disaster, the impacts are felt most keenly by those who are already marginalized and vulnerable within society. PWDDs are tragically among those who bear the brunt of devastation when disasters strike. 

AS the 28th Conference of the Parties (COP28) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 28) draws to a close, the exclusion of persons with disabilities (PWDs) from expressive participation in the climate change negotiations must serve as a critical lesson, in the future.

This evident oversight sparked deep concern among critical observers and activists, who emphasized the urgent need for inclusivity and recognition of the unique challenges faced by PWDs in the face of climate change.

Disproportionately affected and marginalized

When disasters strike, it is often the most vulnerable who bear the brunt of the devastation, and PWDs are tragically among the most affected. Despite this, their voices and perspectives were sidelined throughout the COP28 negotiations, perpetuating a cycle of exclusion that undermines the effectiveness of climate policies and solutions.

In times of disaster, the impacts are felt most keenly by those who are already marginalized and vulnerable within society. PWDDs are tragically among those who bear the brunt of devastation when disasters strike. 

They face unique challenges and heightened risks, displaying a disheartening reality that reflects a systemic failure to recognize their rights and ensure their meaningful participation in decision-making processes. 

This exclusion is in direct contradiction to the principles of inclusivity and equity that are central to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), which recognizes the full participation of PWDs in social justice issues.

PWDs often face multiple barriers that exacerbate their vulnerability during and after disasters. Physical infrastructure and communication systems may not be accessible, making it difficult for them to receive timely warnings, access emergency services, or evacuate safely.

The marginalization of PWDs within government delegations has been particularly disheartening. Their valuable insights and lived experiences are often overlooked, with their contributions misconstrued as inconsequential. This dismissive attitude not only disregards the potential contributions of PWDs but also undermines the development of comprehensive and inclusive climate policies.

Despite their unique perspectives, valuable insights, and lived experiences, PWDs are often overlooked and sidelined in decision-making processes.  They possess a wealth of knowledge and expertise that is crucial for understanding the intersectionality of disability and climate impacts. 

Their experiences of navigating inaccessible infrastructure, facing discrimination, and overcoming barriers provide invaluable insights into the specific challenges they encounter during climate-related disasters. 

By actively involving PWDs in government delegations and policy-making processes, decision-makers can gain a deeper understanding of the diverse needs and concerns of this marginalized community and ensure that their perspectives are adequately addressed.

Furthermore, the marginalization of PWDs within government delegations perpetuates a cycle of exclusion and reinforces discriminatory practices. It sends a message that the voices and contributions of PWDs are less valued or not worthy of consideration. 

This dismissive attitude undermines the principles of inclusivity and equality and limits the effectiveness of climate policies.

Inclusive climate policies are essential for addressing the complex challenges posed by climate change comprehensively and equitably. By actively involving PWDs, decision-makers can develop policies that consider their specific needs, incorporate their expertise, and account for their unique vulnerabilities. By doing so, climate policies can be more effective, responsive, and inclusive, leaving no one behind.

Moreover, the marginalization of PWDs within government delegations contradicts the principles and commitments outlined in international frameworks such as the UNCRPD. The UNCRPD recognizes the rights of PWDs to full and effective participation and inclusion in society, including in decision-making processes. By excluding PWDs from government delegations, countries fail to uphold their obligations under this important human rights treaty.

By valuing the contributions of PWDs and ensuring their meaningful participation, governments can foster more inclusive and responsive climate policies that truly leave no one behind.

Inclusive policies as catalysts for change

It is crucial to recognize that the rights of PWDs, including their right to life and health, are disproportionately at risk during climate-related disasters. Existing policies and practices have failed to adequately protect them, leaving them even more vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. This systemic neglect must be addressed head-on, and the inclusion of PWDs in climate negotiations is an essential step toward achieving this goal.

The exclusion of PWDs from climate negotiations is not only a violation of their rights but also a missed opportunity to harness their knowledge and expertise. By incorporating their perspectives, more robust climate policies that address the specific needs and challenges faced by PWDs can be developed. 

Inclusive policies have the potential to catalyze transformative change, ensuring that no one is left behind in our collective efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

Empowering PWDDs as agents for change

The voices of PWDs are a valuable asset in the fight against climate change. Their unique experiences offer crucial insights into the intersectionality of disability and climate impacts, shedding light on innovative solutions and adaptive strategies. By including PWDs as active participants in climate negotiations, experts can tap into their resilience, creativity, and problem-solving abilities, empowering them to become agents of change in their communities and beyond.

Transforming inclusion from afterthought to priority:

Inclusivity should not be an afterthought in climate change negotiations and agreements. It must be prioritized as a fundamental principle from the outset. This requires a paradigm shift in the way issues have been approached in the context of climate change mitigation and adaptation. 

Governments, civil society organizations, and the international community at large must recognize the rights of PWDs and take concrete steps to ensure their meaningful participation in decision-making processes.

First and foremost, it is essential to recognize and affirm the rights of PWDs as enshrined in the UNCRPD. The government should follow the convention to the letter, aligning its policies and legislation accordingly, and ensuring that the rights of PWDs are upheld and protected.

Collaboration between governments and civil society organizations is essential to create an inclusive and participatory decision-making process that reflects the diverse needs and experiences of PWDs.

The international community has a responsibility to support and encourage governments in their efforts to include PWDs in decision-making processes. International organizations, such as the United Nations do more in the provision of technical assistance, capacity-building support, and best practice sharing to help countries implement inclusive policies and practices. 

Furthermore, it is crucial to ensure that the participation of PWDs goes beyond tokenism and is meaningful and substantive. Governments and decision-makers should actively seek the input and perspectives of PWDs, engage them as equal partners, and ensure that their contributions are valued and acted upon. 

This requires creating spaces for dialogue, fostering a culture of respect and inclusion, and incorporating diverse perspectives into decision-making processes.


As COP28 draws to an end, it is crucial for conference negotiators and climate activists to heed the urgent call for inclusivity and recognize the importance of engaging PWDDs in climate change discussions and deliberations. 

By valuing their perspectives and contributions, a more equitable and sustainable future for all will be forged. The time has come to transform inclusivity from an aspiration into a reality, ensuring that PWDDs are active participants in shaping climate policies that truly leave no one behind. 

Only through collective action and collaboration can we build a more inclusive and resilient world for generations to come.

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